What Types of Grapes are Used to Make Champagne?

what-types-of-grapes-are-used-to-make-champagneChampagne is widely used in many occasions and in many countries. There are many styles of champagne as well as types. In fact they are designed to please a variety of taste preferences. It is also best known for its bubbly appearance and taste. All champagnes have one thing in common, they are made with grapes. The many various vineyards, mainly in France, grow specific varieties especially for champagne.

What is champagne and what is it made of?

Champange is a white sparkling wine. It is usually associated with luxury. It is typically made in France. There are rules in the making of champagne that demand there be a secondary fermentation of a wine in a bottle to create the carbonation so well known in champagne.

Champagne is, generally, made up of a complex bending of wines. It is not just made from a blend of grape varieties but of wines. Usually, these wines area from vineyards throughout regions of France known for Champagne. Also, these wines tend to be a blend of different vintages.

What grapes are used in making champagne?

When champagne is made there are three primary grape varieties used. These grapes add different components to champagne. The three grape varieties used most are:

  • Pinot Noir
  • Pinot Meunier
  • Chardonnay

There are a few grape varieties that may still be used in champagne, although rarely. Petit Meslier, Arbanne, and Pinot Blanc are among those still permitted in the making of champagne. However, they can not be replanted and have little to do with the process anymore.

What do these varieties add to a champagne?

Pinot Noir is a red type of grape. The components in this variety add structure, body, and aroma. It also adds to the complexity of the flavors in the champagne. Pinot Noir is viewed by most of its producers as one of the finer grapes.

Pinot Meunier is also of the red variety and is related to the Pinot Noir. This grape tends to contribute to the readiness of a champagne. Usually these champagne types can be consumed sooner than other types of champagne. Pinot Meunier adds to the fuitiness of the drink. It also effects the floral aromas.

The Chardonnay is a white grape. This is said to be the star in the Champagne region. Its components give elegance and finesse to the champagne. It also contributes to the freshness and delicacy. Chardonnay is used often in the most prestigious Champagnes.

The components and attention to detail in the flavoring of champagne is what makes it most appealing to many enthusiasts. This is why champagne is so often seen in special occasions and with luxurious gatherings.